Guns in South Africa — Firearms, gun law and gun control (2022)

1.

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2.

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3.

Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘Civilian Ownership and Illegal Firearms - Introduction.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8764)Full Citation

4.

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5.

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6.

Moat, Catherine.2015.‘Registered Owners & Firearms as at Oct 2014 (CFR).’ Analysis of the Firearms Control Act on Crime 1999 - 2014.Johannesburg:University of Witwatersrand,1 December. (Q14113)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

9.

Minnaar, Anthony.2001.‘Current Ownership and Numbers Profile.’ The 'Great Gun Debate' in South Africa: An Examination of the Struggle to Legislate for Stricter Firearm Controls.Johannesburg:Institute for Human Rights & Criminal Justice Studies, Technikon SA,30 September. (Q8841)Full Citation

10.

Tracey, Lauren.2013.‘Number of Registered Firearms.’ Avoiding Stray Bullets - the Need for Improved Firearms Control.Pretoria:Transnational Threats and International Crime Division, Institute for Security Studies,11 March. (Q8743)Full Citation

11.

Chetty, Robert (ed.).2000.‘Persons Holding More Than One Firearm Licence.’ Firearm Use and Distribution in South Africa.Pretoria:The National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC) Firearm Programme,1 February. (Q8780)Full Citation

12.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

13.

Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘Introduction.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8756)Full Citation

14.

Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘Assessing the Extent of Civilian Ownership - Registered Firearms.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8765)Full Citation

15.

Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘Assessing the Extent of Civilian Ownership - Conclusion.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8766)Full Citation

16.

Chetty, Robert (ed.).2000.‘Legal Firearm Distribution in South Africa.’ Firearm Use and Distribution in South Africa.Pretoria:The National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC) Firearm Programme,1 February. (Q8778)Full Citation

17.

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Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
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18.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

19.

Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Diversion of Military Firearms.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14660)Full Citation

20.

Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘Assessing the SAPS Stockpile.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8762)Full Citation

21.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

22.

Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Diversion of Police Firearms.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14659)Full Citation

23.

Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Diversion of Firearms from other Government Agencies.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14661)Full Citation

24.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

25.

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26.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in South Africa.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9994)Full Citation

27.

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28.

NISS.2001.‘A Profile of Fatal Injuries in South Africa, 2000: Focussing on Firearm Injuries.’ Second Annual Report of the National Injury Surveillance System.Johannesburg:Gun Free South Africa (GFSA), National Injury Surveillance System (NISS),1 October. (Q8840)Full Citation

29.

Minnaar, Anthony.2001.‘Firearms and Murder in South Africa: 1994-2000.’ The 'Great Gun Debate' in South Africa: An Examination of the Struggle to Legislate for Stricter Firearm Controls.Johannesburg:Institute for Human Rights & Criminal Justice Studies, Technikon SA,30 September. (Q8843)Full Citation

30.

Butchart, Alex.2000.‘External Causes of Death - Homicide - Suicide.’ A Profile of Fatal Injuries in South Africa, 1999: First Annual Report of the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System.Johannesburg:The Violence and Injury Surveillance Consortium, DACST Innovation Fund,1 November. (Q8844)Full Citation

31.

Kirsten, Adèle, Jacklyn Cock, Lephophotho Mashike and Knowledge Raji Matshedisho.2006.‘Gun-free Zones in South Africa's Fothane, Diepkloof, and Khayelitsha.’ Islands of Safety in a Sea of Guns.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 March. (Q2070)Full Citation

32.

South Africa.2019.‘Overview of Contact Crimes: Three Years Comparison 2018-19.’ Crime Statistics: Crime Situation in Republic of South Africa Twelve (12) Months (April To March 2018_19).Pretoria:South Africa Police Service,1 April. (Q14106)Full Citation

33.

Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Counting the Cost of Firearm Violence.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14653)Full Citation

34.

South Africa.2018.‘Annual Crime Reports and Statistics.’ Crime Statistics.Pretoria:South African Police Service,31 August. (Q13955)Full Citation

35.

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36.

Matzopoulos, Richard.2016.‘Gun Control Saves Lives.’ South African Medical Journal.Cape Town:South African Medical Journal,1 June. (Q12090)Full Citation

37.

Jaynes, Natalie.2013.‘Trend Lines: Armed Violence in South Africa.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8482)Full Citation

38.

South Africa.2019.‘Crimes Against Women.’ Crime Statistics: Crime Situation in Republic of South Africa, Twelve (12) Months (April to March 2018-19).Pretoria:South Africa Police Service,1 April. (Q14107)Full Citation

39.

Gun Free South Africa (GFSA).2022.‘Crime Statistics in South Africa.’ Briefing Paper 2 of 2022: Gun Control, Self-defence and Public Safety.Johannesburg:Gun Free South Africa (GFSA),15 June. (Q15750)Full Citation

40.

South Africa.2019.‘Murder: Top Ten Instruments Used.’ Crime Statistics: Crime Situation in Republic of South Africa Twelve (12) Months (April to March 2018-19).Pretoria:South Africa Police Service,1 April. (Q14112)Full Citation

41.

Matzopoulos, Richard et al..2015.‘Apparent Manner and Major External Causes of Mortality, South Africa, 2009.’ Injury-Related Mortality in South Africa: A Retrospective Descriptive Study of Postmortem Investigations.Geneva:World Health Organization,13 March. (Q14134)Full Citation

42.

Minnaar, Anthony.2001.‘Firearm-related Crimes in South Africa: No. of Cases Reported, 1996-2000.’ The 'Great Gun Debate' in South Africa: An Examination of the Struggle to Legislate for Stricter Firearm Controls.Johannesburg:Institute for Human Rights & Criminal Justice Studies, Technikon SA,30 September. (Q8842)Full Citation

43.

Butchart, Alex.2000.‘Homicide.’ A Profile of Fatal Injuries in South Africa, 1999: First Annual Report of the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System.Johannesburg:The Violence and Injury Surveillance Consortium, DACST Innovation Fund,1 November. (Q8845)Full Citation

44.

Abrahams, Naeemah, Rachel Jewkes and Shanaaz Mathews.2010.‘Firearm-Related Crime - Firearm Ownership.’ Guns and Gender-based Violence in South Africa.Cape Town:South African Medical Journal (SAMJ),1 September. (Q6634)Full Citation

45.

South Africa.2012.‘Firearms/Ammunition: Crime Ratio in the Republic of South Africa 2003-2012.’ Crime Statistics Overview 2011/2012.Pretoria:South African Police Service,1 September. (Q6694)Full Citation

46.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: South Africa.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9459)Full Citation

47.

WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

48.

Bantjes, Jason and Ashraf Kagee.2013.‘Calculations of National Annual Suicide Prevalence Rates in SA for the Period 2002–2008.’ Epidemiology of Suicide in South Africa: Setting an Agenda for Future Research.Stellenbosch:Stellenbosch University,1 June. (Q14133)Full Citation

49.

Matzopoulos, R, P Groenewald, N Abrahams and D Bradshaw.2016.‘Discussion.’ Where Have All the Gun Deaths Gone?.Cape Town:South African Medical Journal,1 June. (Q14135)Full Citation

50.

Butchart, Alex.2000.‘External Causes of Other Accident Deaths.’ A Profile of Fatal Injuries in South Africa, 1999: First Annual Report of the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System.Johannesburg:The Violence and Injury Surveillance Consortium, DACST Innovation Fund,1 November. (Q8847)Full Citation

51.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

52.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

53.

Butchart, Alex.2000.‘Undetermined Manner of Death by Sex of Victim.’ A Profile of Fatal Injuries in South Africa, 1999: First Annual Report of the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System.Johannesburg:The Violence and Injury Surveillance Consortium, DACST Innovation Fund,1 November. (Q8848)Full Citation

54.

South Africa.2004.‘Additional Particulars to be Provided with an Application for a Dealer, Manufacturer and Gunsmith's Licence.’ Firearms Control Regulations, 2004.Pretoria:Department of Safety and Security,26 March. (Q5258)Full Citation

55.

South Africa.2004.‘Conditions in Respect of a Manufacturer's Licence.’ Firearms Control Regulations, 2004.Pretoria:Department of Safety and Security,26 March. (Q5265)Full Citation

56.

South Africa.2011.‘Prohibition of Unlicensed Manufacture of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Control Act 2000 (Act last amended in 2011).Cape Town:Parliament of the Republic of South Africa,5 December. (Q6701)Full Citation

57.

South Africa.2011.‘Prohibition of Certain Work - Gunsmiths.’ Firearms Control Act 2000 (Act last amended in 2011).Cape Town:Parliament of the Republic of South Africa,5 December. (Q6702)Full Citation

58.

South Africa.2014.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of South Africa on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of South Africa to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12890)Full Citation

59.

Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘South Africa's Production and Export of Firearms.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8757)Full Citation

60.

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61.

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62.

South Africa.2019.‘Types of Illegal Firearms Confiscated.’ Annual Crime Report 2018/2019.Pretoria:South Africa Police Service,31 August. (Q14099)Full Citation

63.

Florquin, Nicolas, Sigrid Lipott and Francis Wairagu.2019.‘Excerpts on Illicit/Craft Production - South Africa.’ Weapons Compass: Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q14008)Full Citation

64.

South Africa.2011.‘Prohibition of Import, Export or Carriage In-transit of Firearms and Ammunition without Permit.’ Firearms Control Act 2000 (Act last amended in 2011).Cape Town:Parliament of the Republic of South Africa,5 December. (Q6703)Full Citation

65.

South Africa.2004.‘Application Regarding In-Transit Permit.’ Firearms Control Regulations, 2004.Pretoria:Department of Safety and Security,26 March. (Q5269)Full Citation

66.

South Africa.2004.‘Establishment of Central Importers' and Exporters' Database.’ Firearms Control Regulations, 2004.Pretoria:Department of Safety and Security,26 March. (Q5271)Full Citation

67.

South Africa.2011.‘Establishment of Central Importers and Exporters Database.’ Firearms Control Act 2000 (Act last amended in 2011).Cape Town:Parliament of the Republic of South Africa,5 December. (Q6704)Full Citation

68.

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South Africa.2014.‘International Transfers - Record Keeping.’ National Report of South Africa on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of South Africa to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12893)Full Citation

70.

Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘South African Government Small Arms Exports.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8758)Full Citation

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Gould, Chandre, Guy Lamb, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Steven Nakana and Dennis Rubel.2004.‘Private Small-scale Exports.’ Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa.Pretoria:Institute for Security Studies,1 October. (Q8760)Full Citation

72.

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77.

Mthembu-Salter, Gregory and Guy Lamb.2008.‘Firearms Diversion from the South African National Defence Force.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q6705)Full Citation

78.

Mthembu-Salter, Gregory and Guy Lamb.2008.‘Firearms Diversion from Security Companies.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q6706)Full Citation

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Abrahams, Naeemah, Rachel Jewkes and Shanaaz Mathews.2010.‘Legal v. Illegal Guns.’ Guns and Gender-based Violence in South Africa.Cape Town:South African Medical Journal (SAMJ),1 September. (Q6636)Full Citation

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81.

Mthembu-Salter, Gregory and Guy Lamb.2008.‘The Meaning of Loss: Firearms Diversion in South Africa. Table 6.4.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 January. (Q6699)Full Citation

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Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Mapping the sources.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14651)Full Citation

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Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Counting the Cost of Firearm Violence.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14652)Full Citation

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Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Cross-border Trade.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14656)Full Citation

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Irish-Qhobosheane, Jenni.2021.‘Cross-border Trade.’ How to Silence the Guns? Southern Africa's Illegal Firearms Markets.Geneva:Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Geneva,19 October. (Q14657)Full Citation

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South Africa.2011.‘Licence to Possess Firearm for Occasional Hunting and Sports-shooting.’ Firearms Control Act 2000 (Act last amended in 2011).Cape Town:Parliament of the Republic of South Africa,5 December. (Q6693)Full Citation

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